Vesuvius

stratovolcano in the Gulf of Naples, Italy

One of the 28 Finalists

Vesuvius

Metropolitan City of Naples, Italy

Mount Vesuvius (pronunciation: /vˈsviəs/; Italian: Monte Vesuvio [ˈmonte veˈzuːvjo], Latin: Mons Vesuvius [mõːs wɛˈsʊwɪ.ʊs]; also Vesevus or Vesaevus in Roman sources ) is a stratovolcano in the Gulf of Naples, Italy, about 9 km (5.6 mi) east of Naples and a short distance from the shore. It is one of several volcanoes which form the Campanian volcanic arc. Vesuvius consists of a large cone partially encircled by the steep rim of a summit caldera caused by the collapse of an earlier and originally much higher structure.

Mount Vesuvius is best known for its eruption in AD 79 that led to the burying and destruction of the Roman cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and several other settlements. That eruption ejected a cloud of stones, ash, and fumes to a height of 33 km (20.5 mi), spewing molten rock and pulverized pumice at the rate of 1.5 million tons per second, ultimately releasing a hundred thousand times the thermal energy released by the Hiroshima bombing. At least 1,000 people died in the eruption. The only surviving eyewitness account of the event consists of two letters by Pliny the Younger to the historian Tacitus.

Vesuvius has erupted many times since and is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years. Today, it is regarded as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world because of the population of 3,000,000 people living nearby and its tendency towards explosive (Plinian) eruptions. It is the most densely populated volcanic region in the world.

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Mount Vesuvius - Italy

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Vote Vesuvio / Vesuvius for one of the seven natural wonders of the world!

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Eruption Of Mt Vesuvius 1944

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The Eruption of Mount Vesuvius

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Mount Vesuvius erupting 79 AD - from Doctor Who: Fires of Pompeii

Italy

Interesting Facts

Vesuvius


Elevation above sea level

1281 metre

Continent

Europe

Instance of

active volcano & stratovolcano

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